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Formation of quantum critical 2D Bose gas in the honeycomb antiferromagnet YbCl3

日程 : 2023年9月21日(木) 15:00 - 16:00 場所 : 物性研究所本館6階 第5セミナー室 (A615) 講師 : Dr. Yosuke Matsumoto 所属 : Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research 世話人 : Yoshihiko Okamoto
e-mail: yokamoto @ issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp
講演言語 : 英語

Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) is a quantum phenomenon, where a macroscopic number of bosons occupy the lowest energy state and acquire coherence at low temperatures. It manifests itself not only in superfluid 4He and dilute atomic gases but also in quantum magnets[1]. In three-dimensional (3D) antiferromagnets, an XY-type long-range ordering (LRO) near a magnetic-field-induced transition to a fully polarized state (FP) has been successfully described as a BEC in the last few decades. An attractive extension of the BEC in 3D magnets is to make their two-dimensional (2D) analogue. In a strictly 2D system, BEC cannot take place due to the presence of a finite density of states at zero energy, but instead, a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition may emerge. In a realistic quasi-2D magnet consisting of stacked 2D magnets, a small but finite interlayer coupling stabilizes marginal LRO and BEC, but such that 2D physics is still expected to dominate. A few systems were reported to show such 2D-limit BEC, but at very high magnetic fields that are difficult to access.

YbCl3 is a pseudo-spin 1/2 honeycomb Heisenberg antiferromagnet with intra-layer coupling of J ~ 5 K and exhibits a transition to a FP state at an in-plane saturation field Hs = 5.93 T [2-4]. Here, we demonstrate that the LRO right below Hs is a BEC but close to the 2D-limit, marginally stabilized by an extremely small interlayer coupling J of the order of 10-5J [5]. At the quantum critical point Hs, we capture 2D-limit quantum fluctuations as the formation of a highly mobile, interacting 2D Bose gas in the dilute limit. A much-reduced effective boson-boson repulsion compared with that of a prototypical 3D system indicates the presence of a logarithmic renormalization of interaction, which is unique to 2D. Thus, the old candidate for a Kitaev quantum spin liquid, YbCl3, is now established as an ideal arena for a quantum critical BEC in the 2D limit. We will further discuss the possible BKT characteristics in the thermal fluctuations. This work has been done in collaboration with S. Schnierer, J. Bruin, J. Nuss, P. Reiss, G. Jackeli, K. Kitagawa and H. Takagi.

[1] V. Zapf, M. Jaime, and C. D. Batista, Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 563 (2014).
[2] G. Sala et al., Phys. Rev. B 100, 180406(R) (2019).
[3] J. Xing et al., Phys. Rev. B 102, 014427 (2020).
[4] G. Sala et al., Nat Commun 12, 171 (2021).
[5] Y. Matsumoto et al., arXiv:2207.02329.

(公開日: 2023年09月12日)