ISSP - The institute for Solid State Physics

Lab & Organization
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Yamashita Group
Associate Professor
YAMASHITA,
Minoru

Research Associate
TAKEDA,
Hikaru

To The Group's Homepage Japanese Only

What happens when materials are cooled down close to absolute zero temperature? It sounds a boring question because everything freezes at T = 0. It is NOT true, however, because quantum fluctuations persist even at absolute zero temperature. The richness of low-temperature physics was first demonstrated by Heike Kamerlingh Onnes at 1911, who was the first to liquify Helium and reached ~ 1 K. He discovered that the resistance of mercury suddenly vanished at low temperature. Followed by this discovery of the superconducting transition, many amazing quantum phenomena – superfluid transition of Helium, Bose-Einstein condensations of Alkali Bose gases – were found at low temperatures. We are interested in these quantum condensed states at low temperatures where the thermal fluctuations are negligible. Especially, we are now challenging measurements of correlated electron systems at ultralow temperatures (below 20 mK) where many interesting phenomena have remained unexplored due to technical difficulties. Further, we are studying thermal Hall effects of charge-neutral excitations (phonons and spins) in an insulator, as well as detecting multipole orders by using NMR measurements.

The ultralow temperature cryostat at ISSP. Nuclear demagnetization cooling enables experiments down to 1 mK under a magnetic field up to 10 T. The lower left picture is an enlargedview of the experimental space. The lower right picture shows a cantilever cell for torque measurements.
The temperature dependence of the thermal Hall conductivity κxy of Cd kapellasite samples. Although the temperature dependence of all samples are similar, the magnitude of κxy is found to depend on the magnitude of the longitudinal thermal conductivity. The inset shows the setup of the measurements.

Research Subjects

  1. Study of strongly correlated-electron systems at ultralow temperatures
  2. Study of thermal Hall effects of charge-neutral excitations in insulators
  3. Multipole orders studied by NMR measurements