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Cavity QED in the Ultrastrong Coupling Regime
Date : Friday, February 16th, 2018 16:00 - 17:00 Place : Meeting Room 1 (A636), 6th Floor, ISSP Lecturer : Prof. Junichiro Kono Affiliation : Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Physics and Astronomy, and Materials Science and NanoEngineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas, U.S.A. Committee Chair : Yoshimitsu Kohama (+81-47-136-5337 (ex. 65337))

Strong resonant light-matter coupling in a cavity setting is an essential ingredient in fundamental cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) studies as well as in cavity-QED-based quantum information processing. In particular, a variety of solid-state cavity QED systems have recently been examined, not only for the purpose of developing scalable quantum technologies, but also for exploring novel many-body effects inherent to condensed matter. This talk will first describe our recent observation of collective ultrastrong light-matter coupling in a 2D electron gas in a high-quality-factor terahertz cavity in a quantizing magnetic field, demonstrating a record-high cooperativity [1]. The electron cyclotron resonance peak exhibited splitting into the lower and upper polariton branches with a magnitude that is proportional to the square-root of the electron density, a hallmark of collective vacuum Rabi splitting. The second part of this talk will present 1D microcavity-exciton-polaritons in a thin film of aligned carbon nanotubes [2] embedded in a Fabry-Perot cavity, also exhibiting collective ultrastrong light-matter coupling. These experiments open up a variety of new possibilities to combine the traditional disciplines of many-body condensed matter physics and cavity-based quantum optics.

1. Q. Zhang et al., Nature Physics 12, 1005 (2016).
2. X. He et al., Nature Nanotechnology 11, 633 (2016).
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(Published on: Tuesday January 30th, 2018)